Thursday, May 9, 2013

The Ancient City of Aphrodisias - Gifts and Collectables


Aphrodisias (Ancient Greek: Ἀφροδισιάς Aphrodisiás) was a small ancient Greek city in Caria. Its site is located near the modern village of Geyre, Turkey, about 230 km (140 mi) south-east of İzmir and about 100 km (62 mi) inland from the coast. Aphrodisias was named after Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love, who had here her unique cult image, the Aphrodite of Aphrodisias. According to the Byzantine encyclopedic compilation called the Suda, before being known as Aphrodisias, the city had held three previous names: Lelégōn Pólis (Λελέγων πόλις, "City of the Leleges"), Megálē Pólis (Μεγάλη Πόλις, "Great City"), and Ninóē (Νινόη),
Sometime before 640, in the Late Antique period, the city was renamed Stauroúpolis (Σταυρούπολις, "City of the Cross").
The city was built near a marble quarry that was extensively exploited in the Hellenistic and Roman periods, and sculpture in marble from Aphrodisias became famous in the Roman world. Many examples of statuary have been unearthed in Aphrodisias, and some representations of the Aphrodite of Aphrodisias also survive from other parts of the Roman world, as far afield as Pax Julia in Lusitania

   

Photography Prints
The Sebasteion of Aphrodisias is a work without parallel in the ancient world. The structure is in fact a sort of a complex, consisting of an entry building, a holy path with three-storey porticoes on both sides and a Temple of Augustus at the end of the path. According to an inscription on the structure, it was dedicated to Aprodite and to the first Roman Emperors – Augustus, Tiberius, Claudius, and Nero.
The Sebastion, Aphrodisias by taiche
Located on the city of Aphrodisias north side and dated to the first half of the century CE, the Aprodisias stadium is probably one of the best preserved structures of its kind in the Mediterranean. The stadium’s two ends are semi-circular ellipses, and its seating area (cavae) could hold 30,000 spectators. The stadium was used for athletic events until the theatre was badly damaged by a 7th century earthquake, requiring part of the stadium to be converted for events previously staged in the theatre.
The stadium measures approximately 270 m (890 ft) by 60 m (200 ft). The track measures approximately 225 m (738 ft) by 30 m (98 ft).
At both ends of the structure is a tunnel used by the athletes and called sphendonai: each have a relief on their arch’s keystone. The west tunnels relief depicts Hermes whilst the east’s depicts Hercules.

Located on the city of Aphrodisias north side and dated to the first half of the century CE, the Aprodisias stadium is probably one of the best preserved structures of its kind in the Mediterranean. The stadium’s two ends are semi-circular ellipses, and its seating area (cavae) could hold 30,000 spectators. The stadium was used for athletic events until the theatre was badly damaged by a 7th century earthquake, requiring part of the stadium to be converted for events previously staged in the theatre.
The stadium measures approximately 270 m (890 ft) by 60 m (200 ft). The track measures approximately 225 m (738 ft) by 30 m (98 ft).
At both ends of the structure is a tunnel used by the athletes and called sphendonai: each have a relief on their arch’s keystone. The west tunnels relief depicts Hermes whilst the east’s depicts Hercules.

Located on the city of Aphrodisias north side and dated to the first half of the century CE, the Aprodisias stadium is probably one of the best preserved structures of its kind in the Mediterranean. The stadium’s two ends are semi-circular ellipses, and its seating area (cavae) could hold 30,000 spectators. The stadium was used for athletic events until the theatre was badly damaged by a 7th century earthquake, requiring part of the stadium to be converted for events previously staged in the theatre.
The stadium measures approximately 270 m (890 ft) by 60 m (200 ft). The track measures approximately 225 m (738 ft) by 30 m (98 ft).
At both ends of the structure is a tunnel used by the athletes and called sphendonai: each have a relief on their arch’s keystone. The west tunnels relief depicts Hermes whilst the east’s depicts Hercules.
The Aphrodisias Stadium (From the West) by taiche Marble Seats of Aphrodisias Stadium Northwestern View by taiche Aphrodisias Stadium From The East by taiche
View of The Stadium From The West by taiche Hercules Tunnel At the Stadium of Aphrodisias by taicheTrack and Field by taiche
The development of Aprodisias was begun with the construction of the Temple of Aphrodite, the North Agora, and the Theater. Roman theaters were typically built so as to descend down along a natural slope. Three main sections comprise the theater, the stage building (skene), the orchestra, and the seating area (cavae).
The Theater, Aphrodisias by taiche
The tetrastoon, meaning four arcades, is a small marketplace adjacent to the theater at Aphrodisias. In the middle of the agora is a fountained pool. A floored and vaulted passage connecting the Tetrastoon is known as “Hall of Emperors” owing to numerous statues unearthed during excavations.

The Portico of Tiberius, Aprhodisias, was an unfinished structure. The garland decorated elevated friezes on the upper part of the structure are varied and demonstrate skilled workmanship.

Elevated Subjects of the Portico of Tiberius Friezes by taiche
Frieze of a Roman Goddess by taicheRelief of A Roman God by taiche Portrait Head of A Goddess by taiche
The Portico of Tiberius, Aprhodisias, was an unfinished structure. The exact function of the structure (gymnasium or promenade) is unknown. The structure was originally constructed as a monumental gate, but its entrances were later sealed and a pool and fountain constructed. The centre of the portico has a large pool surrounded by theater-like seats.
Underwater Remains Of The Portico, Aphrodisias by taicheRoman Columns, Aphrodisias by taiche Roman Remains of The Portico of Tiberius by taiche
The Roman Emperor, Hadrian, visited Aprodisias and the city’s council had baths constructed as a memorial of his visit. The structure is built primarily of sandstone covered with marble paneling.
Hadrian's Baths by taiche Poolside Statue, Aphrodisias by taiche
The marble elements of the Hadrian’s Baths are decorated in acanthus leaves.The pilaster friezes of the palaetra are distinctive works of the Aphrodisias school of sculpting.

The Pilaster Friezes of the Palaestra by taiche
The Bishops Palace was built using rubble and old stone blocks and was constructed in the 5th and 6th centuries CE to serve as a guesthouse for the governors of Caria and Phygia. Columns of the Temple of Aphrodite can be seen in the background.
The Courtyard Of The Bishops Palace by taiche The Bishop's Palace by taiche
The bouleuterion or council house is situated between the agora and the Temple of Aphrodite. It’s odeon had a capacity to seat 1750 people in its upper area. In ancient Greeck cities the bouleuterion was the meeting hall of the city council, but would also be used for concerts, dance, pantomime and poetry readings
Steps of The Council House, Aphrodisias by taiche Marble Column of the Bouleuterion by taiche
Several styles were used in the construction of the Temple of Aphrodite but only marble was used in the construction. The cult statue of Aphrodite stood in the holy central room (cella or naos) and only the male priests serving at the temple could access. The temple was a place of pilgrimage, and anyone taking shelter within its walls had the right of protection from local authorities. In the 5th Century, and acceptance of Christianity the pagan temple underwent several changes: a courtyard/atrium was built alongside a sintranon (seated area) for a choir and wooden sections were introduced. The vaulted section of the sintranon were painted with images of Jesus, Mary, Gabriel and Michael. The church was used until the 11th Century when it was burned in a Seljuk raid on the city.
The Temple of Aphrodite by taiche Ionic Columns of The Temple of Aphrodite by taiche Temple Columns on Blue Sky, Aphrodisias by taiche
Stone Carved Columns, Temple of Aphrodite by taicheHeadstone In The Basilica Church, Aphrodisias by taiche
The tetrapylon (Four Gates) is so called as it is made up of four groups of four columns. It served as a ceremonial gateway.The gate is adorned with reliefs of Nike, Eros, animal figures and carved acanthus leaves.
The Western Pediment of the Tetrapylon by taiche The Four Roman Columns Of The Ceremonial Gateway by taiche The Ceiling Of the Tetrapylon, Aphrodisias by taiche
Tetrapylon; The Arched Gate of Aphrodisias by taiche Carved Marble of The Monumental Gate by taiche

Custom order on via Etsy



Photography Prints


 

  
 
 
  


  
 


 
 
  
  
  
 
   
  
 

Tracey Harrington-Simpson Art

Great, unique, affordable and customizable gifts and gift ideas for all ages and budgets are available in taiche's Zazzle store. Whether you're shopping on-line for your husband, wife, mom, dad, son, daughter, grandma, grandpa, sweetheart or a good friend....taiche has everyone and every occasion on your shopping list covered. Make gifts and gift giving extra special: personalize any of my images with text and create the perfect gift for every person every time.
Original paintings by taiche come in so many different forms and styles that you are not going to have much difficulty finding the perfect gift or artwork to compliment your décor. 

Aphrodisias Stadium From The East Kindle 3 Covers
Aphrodisias Stadium From The East Kindle 3 Covers by taiche
Browse other Aphrodisias Caseable Cases

More Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Products
Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Apron | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Cap | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Coaster | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Coffee Gift Basket | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Desk Clock | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Framed Tile | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Greeting Card | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Iron on Heat Transfer | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Key Chain | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Light Switch Cover | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Mouse Pad | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Mug | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Ornament | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Plate | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Quilt Square | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Sweatshirt | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Tile | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Tile Napkin Holder | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Tile Pen Holder | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Tote Bag | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Trivet | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses T-Shirt | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Wall Clock | Taiche - Photography - Pink Roses Water Bottle |

Amazon.com-Logo.svg

  •      
    *My Images Do Not Belong To The Public Domain. All images are copyright © taiche. All Rights Reserved. Copying, altering, displaying or redistribution of any of these images without written permission from the artist is strictly prohibited

No comments:

Post a Comment