Friday, February 10, 2012
Urizen: Man Floating Upside Down
Title: The First Book of Urizen- Man floating upside down, 1794 Painted by: William Blake Year: 1794 Orientation: Portrait
First engraved in 1794, in twenty-eight plates. Originally called “The First Book of Urizen,” and apparently intended to be the first part of an epic poem following the biblical narrative from Genesis onwards, as Blake interpreted it. Urizen (from the Greek horizein) is the spirit of human intelligence, originally divine, but in the fallen world becoming the kind of reason that separates man from nature by developing abstract ideas, and leading to the worship of mechanical order in Nature. This in turn rationalizes cruelty and suffering by some kind of fatalism or belief in a necessary tyrannical order. In Blake’s thought the fall of man and the creation of the present world are the same event.